Understanding Blood Alcohol Content and How it is Measured

A person’s Blood Alcohol Content, or BAC, is the percentage of alcohol present in your body. The higher your BAC, the more alcohol you have in your system. The legal limit in the United States is .08% alcohol. Your BAC is dependent on a variety of factors, including your sex, your weight, the speed of your metabolism, your medications, health conditions you may have, how much food you have consumed throughout the day, and of course, how many alcoholic drinks you have had.

So how exactly is your BAC measured? Law enforcement officers use a variety of different measures and tests to determine if you are over the legal limit and thus not legally allowed to drive. If you are ever pulled over by a law enforcement officer under the suspicion that you are driving while intoxicated, the officer will probably first subject you to a series of questions about your previous activity. Where are you coming from? Have you been drinking? How many drinks have you had tonight? If after this series of questions, the officer still suspects that you may be over the legal limit, he or she will probably subject you to a combination of field sobriety tests. Examples of these tests include a walk and turn, a one legged stand, and a horizontal gaze test. If you fail one or more of these tests, the officer has cause to believe that you are too intoxicated to drive and may take you into custody and ask you to submit to other testing.

The most common test to determine your BAC is the breathanalyzer. This machine uses infrared light to determine how much alcohol is present in your body as you breathe into the machine. Since the machine cannot determine factors such as your metabolism rate and food consumption, the machine relies on a conversion factor to determine your BAC. Therefore, the number it provides is not 100% accurate, but instead a close estimate.

A much more accurate BAC test is the BAC blood test. With this test, a sample of blood is taken and the amount of alcohol present in the body is directly measured. These tests are very accurate because they need no conversion factor to estimate your BAC. However, even with their high level of accuracy, problems can occur either when the test is administered or as the sample is transported and handled.

If you are ever charged with a DUI, you should be familiar with BAC tests and how they work. For more information about BAC tests and their potential inaccuracies, visit the website of Rhode Island DUI lawyer James Powderly.  

Identity Theft Law – The Legal Implications and Consequences of Identity Fraud

Identity Fraud is a serious offense and identity fraud law has been enacted in the United States of America to curb this growing menace. Lawmakers and law enforcement agencies became aware of the growing incidence of identity theft and passed the Identity Theft and Assumption Deterrence Act (ITADA) in 1998 to bring identity thieves to justice and protect the victim.

More often than not identity fraud involves online transactions and the culprit is anonymous and faceless. The process of tracing the culprit is therefore tedious and difficult but not impossible. With increasing use of the internet in day-to-day activities there has been a proportional increase in the number of identity fraud cases.

Tracking down the criminal requires coordination between various federal organizations like the FTC, postal inspection service, United States secret service, Federal Bureau of Investigation, Department of Justice and the credit report agency

Identity fraud law vests the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) with the task of receiving complaints from victims of identity theft and providing them the necessary information. The FTC processes the complaint and then refers it to an appropriate authority for further necessary action.

ITADA passed by the United States Senate in 1998 identified identity thefts associated with mortgage, credit card, loans, services and commodities as punishable. With the complexity of identity thefts increasing, the Senate amended the ITADA in 2003.

The ITADA in its amended form makes it illegal for any individual to be knowingly in possession of another person’s identity without lawful authority. If the identity is used to commit, aid or abet any activity that is a violation of Federal law it is a serious federal crime and appropriate legal measures will be initiated.

The ITADA recognizes identity fraud as a serious felony and if guilt is proved in a court of law the culprit could serve up to thirty years in prison in addition to penalties.

California and Wisconsin are two states in the USA that have created an office of privacy protection entrusted with the responsibility of educating citizens about avoiding identity theft and assisting them to cope with and recover from an identity fraud.

California also enacted a data breach notification law that was later emulated by many states. This law stipulates that a company must notify all its customers of any breach of data that is identified.

Currently most states in the United States have enacted special laws to fight identity theft. Most states also have a special section within the Attorney General’s office that deals exclusively with identity theft.

You should intimate the FTC immediately after coming to know about identity theft. You can do this through email or calling up their toll free number or making a personal visit to the local FTC office. You should also inform the credit reporting agency and local police department.

Identity fraud law is relatively new and amendments will be made as conmen devise newer ways of swindling money. Being well informed and prevention is the best way to fight identity fraud.

Legal Transcription Companies in the US – Make the Right Choice

Legal transcription outsourcing has become the need of the hour. Lawyers, attorneys, law companies and other legal professionals / entities increasingly choose to entrust the transcription jobs to a reputable transcription company to save labor and time. These companies transcribe various legal reports such as legal letters, court proceedings, client letters, reports, court transcripts, arbitration’s, interrogations, legal pleadings, trials, and general correspondence.

How to Choose the Best Legal Transcription Service Provider

There are a number of legal transcription companies in the US that provide legal transcription services. However, to choose a competent and dedicated company from among the vast number of service providers is a big challenge. There are certain factors you need to consider when hiring a transcription company.

The first and most important point to check is the credibility and reputation of the firm. Taking feedback from the existing clients of the firm can prove to be helpful in determining this.

Most transcription companies provide a free trial of their services. This is the best way to get a firsthand experience of their services. During this free trial you should check the following:

• Infrastructure
• Accuracy of final draft
• Turnaround time
• Promptness and responsiveness of the staff
• Professionalism and skill of the staff
• Whether they have excellent measures to safeguard confidentiality and security
• Dedication towards customer service

This would surely provide a basic idea as to the working process and the level of commitment of the staff and the company as a whole.

What Are the Qualities That Legal Transcription Companies Should Possess?

When it comes to accuracy, nothing below 99 percent is acceptable in this regard. Hence, it is inevitable for any firm to employ the best staff to get accurate results. Apart from this, to enhance performance of their staffs, most reliable firms impart training sessions to keep them updated with the changing demands and expectations of their clients.

Also, a three level quality assurance check of every document has become the rule. To get the best, most accurate and error-free output these companies are recruiting professional proofreaders, editors and transcriptionists to review the documents. Only after a document is approved at all the three levels, it is handed over to the client.

It is equally important to maintain the security of the legal documents. No compromise is acceptable when it comes to confidentiality and security. So it is the responsibility of the company to adopt the required measures for ensuring complete security and privacy for client data.

Apart from this, the legal transcription firm should also provide:

• Affordable and competitive rates
• Quick turnaround time
• Convenient dictation options (toll-free number/digital recorder) according to client preference
• Facility of electronic signatures
• 24/7 customer support and technical assistance

Considering the above guidelines when choosing an outsourcing partner from among the numerous legal transcription companies in the US will help you find the right firm. It is advisable to go for a provider that has facilities in the US and offshore, if you are looking for affordable services and round-the-clock service.